Shirinsho Shotemur

Shirinsho Shotemur (in Soviet history known as Shotemor) was born to a poor peasant. Educated at the University of Toilers of the East in Moscow (1929).

He graduated from the school teaching career and later studied at the pedagogical courses in Tashkent. Career as Shirinsho Shotemur began a 13-year old youth in the household of the Pamir border detachment. From 1914 to 1918 he worked at the Tashkent railway station, Ivanova workers at the factory. Since 1919, working in Tashkent. In 1921 he joined the RKP (b). In the 1921-1924 chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of the Pamirs, the instructor of the CC CP (b) of Tajikistan. In 1921 Shirinsho Shotemur participated in hleborazverstke in Khujand district. In the same year he composed the military and political troika was sent to the Pamirs.

Shotemur until 1923 worked as the chairman of the Revolutionary Committee, and after the departure of President T. Dyakov, since 1922 chairman of both the military and political trio. In 1923-1924 years worked as an instructor Shotemur subdivision minority Communist Party of Tajikistan. At the same time he led the Tajik Communist section.

In the 1925-1927 People's Commissar of the Workers 'and Peasants' Inspection and authorized the CC CP (b) of the Uzbek SSR and Tajik SSR. He headed the operation to destroy Basmachi and their "accomplices" in Tajikistan. Since 1929, executive secretary of the Tajik RC CP (b) of Uzbekistan.

Shirinsho Shotemur is one of the main organizers of the creation of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and for this purpose, he gave a lot of strength, energy and even lives. In 1924, at registration in Tashkent, the first in the history of the Tajik government Shirinsho Shotemur was appointed Commissar of Workers 'and Peasants' Inspection and authorized the Central Control Commission of the CP (b) of Uzbekistan in Tajikistan. In addition to the basic work on part-time temporary Shotemur was charged with the People's Commissar of Finance, chairman of the committee members of the Party and mutual leadership troika for the regime of the economy in the country.

In 1927, he worked Shotemur Permanent Representative to the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. Then he was sent to study at Moscow University, Toilers of the East (TAS). On the second Tajik Regional Party Conference (3-10 February 1929) Shotemur absentia was elected a member of the regional party committee, and the first plenum of the Party Regional Committee elected him in charge (the first) Tajik regional party secretary.

A large contribution Shotemur made in the accession of Khujand to Tajikistan and the district education Tajik SSR.

"At the moment, - he wrote in 1929 to the Politburo of the CPSU (b) - we especially sharpens the question of accession to Tajikistan Khujand district that is currently located in Uzbekistan, which completely corresponds to the political and economic interests of Tajikistan and this District ".

He boldly raised the question in front of the Politburo of the CPSU (b) the allocation of the Tajik Republic from the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic as an independent republic.

In the first Constituent Congress of the CP (b) Tajikistan 6-15 June 1930 Shotemur was elected second secretary of the CC CP (b) of Tajikistan. In 1932, on the insistent request Shirinsho Shotemur he was sent to study at the Institute of Red Professors in Moscow, but in December 1933, he was withdrawn from the study and was elected Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Tajik SSR. At this high office he served until June 1937 1930-1933 2nd secretary of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) in Tajikistan. Since 1933, the CEC Chairman of the Tajik SSR and one of the chairmen of the CEC of the USSR.

Shirinsho Shotemur while working continuously elected to the governing party and government bodies, in 1925-1934 he was a member of the Council of Nationalities of the USSR Central Executive.

In 1937, on trumped up charges of involvement in anti-Soviet nationalist organization, was arrested in Moscow. October 21 of the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced to death, October 27, 1937 shot. He was buried in the Donskoy cemetery in Moscow. Rehabilitated the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court August 11, 1956

Awarded the Medal of the Central Executive Committee of the Tajik SSR "for the fight against Basmachis" (1930), the Order "Red Banner of Labor" (1935), Decrees of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmonov was posthumously awarded the Order of "Friendship" (08.27.1999), the title "Hero of Tajikistan "(09/09/2006).





Address: Mayakovsky 60/1
Phone: 985863886
E-mail: ehson10_1995@mail.ru

E-mail: fathullo.nurulloev@mail.ru